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Composites group (INCAR-CSIC)

Composites Group was created in 1990 based on the previous expertise in the characterization and pyrolysis behavior of petroleum and coal-tar pitches.

The main activities of the group relate to the preparation of precursors and carbon materials (carbon fibers, composites and synthetic graphites), from coal and petroleum derivatives, to be used in different applications, both high-tech and conventional. These include: Li-ion batteries, supercapacitors, vanadium redox flow batteries, materials for extreme conditions, magnesia-carbon refractory and carbon anodes.

Both fundamental and applied research projects are carried out by the group, with funding from public and industrial sources.

 

Research lines

  • Preparation of precursors of carbon materials
  • Design of new precursors for densification of preforms
  • Up-grading of anthracene oil
  • Development of binder pitch with improved wettability and reduced environmental impact
  • Preparation of structural carbon materials
  • Carbon fibers for automotive applications
  • High modulus carbon fibers
  • High density synthetic graphites
  • Preparation of carbon materials for extreme environments
  • 2D and 3D carbon-carbon composite materials
  • 2D and 3D Ti and Si-doped carbon-carbon composite materials
  • Preparation of carbon materials for energy storage: vanadium redox flow batteries
  • Anodes for Li-ion batteries
  • Activated carbons for electrodes in supercapacitors
  • Development of products and processes in collaboration with industries from coal and petroleum sectors (cokes, pitches, carbon anodes, etc.)
  • Development of new carbon materials in collaboration with aeronautic industries

 

Projects:

  • Coal-liquid based upgraded carbon materials for energy storageEntidad financiadora: UE – Research Fund for Coal and Steel (G.A. Ref. RFCR-CT-2015-00006)Entidades participantes: Instituto Nacional del Carbón, CSIC; Industrial Química del Nalón S.A.; Wroclaw University of Technology; Politechnica University from Bucarest; University of East Anglia; Claudiu Toprom Srl.Duración: 2015-2018. Investigador responsable: Dr. Rosa Menéndez (coordinador Dr. R. Menéndez, INCAR-CSIC)
  • Desenvolvimento e caracterização de materiais (eletrodo e eletrólito) para supercapacitores assimétricos empregando carbonos nanoestruturados, polímeros conjugados e compostos redox. Entidad financiadora: CNPq. Entidades participantes: Instituto Nacional del Carbón, CSIC; Departamento de Química da UFMG (Brasil). Duración: 2014-2017. Investigador responsable: Dr. Glaura Goulart Silva / Dr. Ricardo Santamaría
  • Almacenamiento de energía eléctrica REDOX2015. Entidad financiadora: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación (IPT-2011-1690-920000). Entidades participantes:Instituto Nacional del Carbón, CSIC; Hidrocantábrico Distribución Eléctrica, S.A.; Ingeniería y Suministros Asturias, S.A.; Fundació Institut de Recerca de l’Energia de Catalunya; Fundación Tecniker; Zigor Corporación, S.A.; Fundación Tecnalia Research and Innovation; Hidroeléctrica del Cantábrico S.A.; Universidad de Oviedo; Zigor Research and Development S.L.U. Duración: 2011-2013. Investigador Principal: Dr. Ricardo Santamaría
  • Desarrollo de nuevos materiales de carbono para electrodos de baterías de flujo redox. Entidad financiadora: FICYT (Ref. PC10-35). Entidades participantes: Instituto Nacional del Carbón, CSIC e Hidroeléctrica del Cantábrico Duración: 2011-2012. Investigador principal: Dr. Ricardo Santamaría
  • Desarrollo de soluciones tecnológicas para la RED eléctrica española del 2025 - Subproyecto: Almacenamiento de energía eléctrica. Entidad financiadora: MICINN - PSE (Ref. PSE120000-2009-0005). Entidades participantes: Instituto Nacional del Carbón, CSIC (47 participantes en total). Duración: 2009-2012. Investigador responsable: Dr. Ricardo Santamaría (Coordinador General, Labein- Tecnalia; Coordinador Subproyecto Hidrocantábrico Distribución Eléctrica)

 

Staff:

  • A research professor
  • Two scientific researchers
  • A titular scientific
  • A Ramón y Cajal research fellow
  • A contracted doctor
  • A variable number of pre-doctoral contracts.

 

Selected papers:

  • Z. González, A. Sánchez, C. Blanco, M. Granda, R. Menéndez, R. Santamaría: “Enhanced performance of a Bi-modified graphite felt as the positive electrode of a vanadium redox flow battery” Electrochemistry Communications 13 (2011) 1379-1382
  • Z. González, P. Álvarez, C. Blanco, S. Vega-Díaz, F. Tristán-López, L.P. Rajukumar, R. Cruz-Silva, A.L. Elías, M. Terrones, R. Menéndez: “The influence of carbon nanotubes characteristics in their performance as positive electrodes in vanadium redox flow batteries”. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments 9, 2015, 105-110.
  • D. J. Suárez, Z. González, C. Blanco, M. Granda, R. Menéndez, R. Santamaría: “Graphite Felt Modified with Bismuth Nanoparticles as Negative Electrode in a Vanadium Redox Flow Battery” ChemSusChem 7 (2014) 914-918.
  • Z. González, C. Botas, C. Blanco, R. Santamaría, M. Granda, P. Álvarez, R. Menéndez: “Thermally reduced graphite and graphene oxides as positive electrodes in vanadium redox flow batteries” NanoEnergy 2 (2013) 1322-1328.
  • Z. González, C. Botas, C. Blanco, R. Santamaría, M. Granda, P. Álvarez, R. Menéndez: “Electrochemical performance as positive electrodes in vanadium redox flow batteries of graphene materials obtained from the thermal reduction of graphite oxides with different characteristics” J. Power Sources 141 (2013) 349-354.
  • Z. González, C. Botas, P. Álvarez, S. Roldán, C. Blanco, R. Santamaría, M. Granda, R. Menéndez: “Carbon nanowalls thin films as nanostructured electrode materials in vanadium redox flow batteries” NanoEnergy 1 (2012) 833-839.
  •  Z. González, C. Botas, P. Álvarez, S. Roldán, C. Blanco, R. Santamaría, M. Granda, R. Menéndez: “Thermally reduced graphite oxide as positive electrode in Vanadium Redox Flow Batteries” Carbon 50 (2012) 828-834.
  •  Z. González, A. Sánchez, C. Blanco, M. Granda, R. Menéndez, R. Santamaría: “Enhanced performance of a Bi-modified graphite felt as the positive electrode of a vanadium redox flow battery” Electrochemistry Communications 13 (2011) 1379-1382